TABLE 4

Infant fecal lactate and short-chain fatty acid profiles at baseline (postnatal day 6) and postnatal day 29

MoleculeMean (SD) amt in feces (μmol/g of feces)Adjusted
P valuea
CON on:EVC001-fed on:
Day 6
(n = 32)
Day 29
(n = 32)
Day 6
(n = 34)
Day 29
(n = 34)
Lactate4.39 (5.4)7.45 (9.15)6.59 (11.2)26.04 (14.86)<0.001
Acetate21.12 (8.68)25.06 (9.38)19.63 (11.44)36.29 (11.47)<0.001
Butyrate0.15 (0.51)0.51 (0.74)0.46 (1.33)0.1 (0.21)0.014
Formate11.68 (3.67)11.24 (3.65)8.74 (3.92)7.25 (3.72)<0.001
Hexanoate0.02 (0.04)0.01 (0)0.01 (0)0.01 (0.01)0.674
Isobutyrate0.06 (0.2)0.07 (0.23)0.06 (0.14)0.05 (0.11)0.798
Isovalerate0.1 (0.17)0.06 (0.02)0.1 (0.1)0.07 (0.09)0.798
Propionate0.82 (1.17)0.55 (0.67)1.57 (2.32)1.4 (2.45)0.292
Valerate0.05 (0.2)0.01 (0.01)0.03 (0.07)0.04 (0.18)0.798
Total38.41 (12.79)45 (14.73)37.22 (20.84)71.41 (20.75)<0.001
  • a Comparisons between samples collected at day 29 were made via multiple t tests with the Holm-Sidak correction.