TABLE 1

Bacterial strains used in this study

Bacterial speciesGram stainaPhylumGrowthOriginStrain or isolate
Akkermansia muciniphiliaVerrucomicrobiaAnaerobicHumanBAA 835
Bacteroides fragilisBacteroidetesAnaerobicHumanNCTC 9343
Bacteroides ovatusBacteroidetesAnaerobicHumanNCTC 11153
Bacteroides thetaiotaomicronBacteroidetesAnaerobicHumanVPI 5482
Bacteroides vulgatusBacteroidetesAnaerobicMouseATCC 8482
Clostridium scindens+FirmicutesAnaerobicHumanVPI 13733
Escherichia coli BC 15ProteobacteriaAerobicMouseBC 15
Escherichia coli K-12ProteobacteriaAerobicHumanMG1655
Eubacterium rectale+FirmicutesAnaerobicHumanVPI 0990
Parabacteroides distastonisBacteroidetesAnaerobicHumanATCC 8503
Pseudomonas aeruginosaProteobacteriaAerobicHumanPAO1
Ruminococcus obeum+FirmicutesAnaerobicHumanVPI B3-21
Salmonella enterica serotype TyphimuriumProteobacteriaAerobicHumanLT2 ATCC 19585
  • a Symbols: –, negative; +, positive.