TABLE 1

Bacterial strains used in this study

Bacterial speciesGram stainaPhylumGrowthOriginStrain or isolate
Akkermansia muciniphilia Verrucomicrobia AnaerobicHumanBAA 835
Bacteroides fragilis Bacteroidetes AnaerobicHumanNCTC 9343
Bacteroides ovatus Bacteroidetes AnaerobicHumanNCTC 11153
Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron Bacteroidetes AnaerobicHumanVPI 5482
Bacteroides vulgatus Bacteroidetes AnaerobicMouseATCC 8482
Clostridium scindens + Firmicutes AnaerobicHumanVPI 13733
Escherichia coli BC 15 Proteobacteria AerobicMouseBC 15
Escherichia coli K-12 Proteobacteria AerobicHumanMG1655
Eubacterium rectale + Firmicutes AnaerobicHumanVPI 0990
Parabacteroides distastonis Bacteroidetes AnaerobicHumanATCC 8503
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Proteobacteria AerobicHumanPAO1
Ruminococcus obeum + Firmicutes AnaerobicHumanVPI B3-21
Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium Proteobacteria AerobicHumanLT2 ATCC 19585
  • a Symbols: –, negative; +, positive.