TABLE 1

Log reduction of IAV in mucus or saline caused by AHR or AHW

SampleDisinfection
time (s)
IAV log reduction by conditiona
NondryingDrying
AHRPAHWAHRAHW
Saline30>5>5>5>5
60>5>5>5>5
120>5>5>5>5
240>5>5>5>5
Mucus
    All samples300.84 ± 0.280.002>5>5>5
601.87 ± 0.330.002>5>5>5
1202.95 ± 0.360.002>5>5>5
240>5>5>5>5
    Each sample
        No. 1300.70 ± 0.490.002>5>5>5
601.55 ± 0.550.002>5>5>5
1203.00 ± 1.140.008>5>5>5
240>5>5>5>5
        No. 10300.66 ± 0.300.002>5>5>5
601.86 ± 0.820.002>5>5>5
1202.57 ± 0.620.002>5>5>5
240>5>5>5>5
        No. 19301.17 ± 0.380.002>5>5>5
602.21 ± 0.670.002>5>5>5
1203.29 ± 0.750.004>5>5>5
240>5>5>5>5
  • a IAV, influenza A virus; AHR, antiseptic hand rubbing; AHW, antiseptic hand washing. Statistics are presented as mean ± SD with the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The log reduction values between saline and mucus conditions were compared.